JSC KAMAZ (RussianКамский Автомобильный Завод – КАМАЗromanizedKamskiy Avtomobilny Zavodlit. 'Kama Automobile Plant') is a Russian brand of trucks and engines manufacturer located in Naberezhnye ChelnyTatarstan. It is famous for its cab over trucks. KAMAZ is a portmanteau which stands for a factory on the Kama River.

KAMAZ was founded in 1969. Today, heavy duty models are exported to many areas of the world including the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), Latin America, the Middle East, and Africa. KAMAZ is the largest truck producer in Russia and the CIS with its factory producing 43,000 trucks a year (2014).

KAMAZ trucks have won the Dakar Rally a record eighteen times, the most in the truck category by any manufacturer.